Agency: Ministry of Justice
Author: Wendy Searle and Philip Spier
This study is a follow-up assessment of the thirty young people who entered the Youth Drug Court (YDC) in the first year of the Court's operation. The study examines patterns of offending by these young people in the twelve months after they left the YDC. It combines this reoffending analysis with a small number of interviews with young people and their family/whanau to gain insight into these young people
Author: Sue Carswell
The main purposes of this review are to examine the evidence about pro-arrest policies and to identify good practice by criminal justice agencies in response to family violence. The historical development and implementation of the family violence policy (which includes provisions relating to pro-arrest) in New Zealand is also described.
Agency: NZ Police
Author: University of Waikato
In 2005 the New Zealand Police commissioned this research project to explore the perceptions of police held by members of various ethnic communities and to provide information on the current crime and safety issues that ethnic communities face.
This research project involved exploring the perceptions of eight ethnic communities including Chinese, Indian, Korean, Japanese, Vietnamese, Cambodian, Somali and Middle Eastern. Data for this qualitative project was collected through face to face interviews and focus group discussions conducted in Auckland, Hamilton, Wellington and Christchurch.
Ethnic community perceptions of New Zealand Police have been analysed through various themes that emerged during data collection, including: contact with police, attitudes towards police staff, perception of police services, language barriers, home country experiences, cultural ideas and knowledge, and the impact of the media.
Agency: Crime and Justice Research Centre Victoria University of Wellington and Ministry of Justice
Author: Judy Paulin, Venezia Kingi and Barb Lash
This evaluation analysed the Wanganui Community-Managed Restorative Justice Programme. It explored the degree to which the project obectives were being achieved, inlcuding in relation to reoffending/re-conviction. The evaluation found that there was a low completion rate of restorative contract elements and that the programme had no statistically significant bearing on recidivism/reconviction rates.
Author: Jan Jordan
This literature review provides an assessment of the state of the sex industry in New Zealand in the years leading up to the passage of the Prostitution Reform Act 2003. It also examines overseas models of prostitution law reform and associated evaluations.
Agency: Crime and Justice Research Centre Victoria University of Wellington, Te Mauri Te Kore Ltd and Ministry of Justice
Author: Judy Paulin, Venezia Kingi, Tautari Huirama and Barb Lash
This report describes results from the evaluation of the Rotorua Second Chance Community-Managed Restorative Justce Programme. The Second Chance programme is founded on tikanga-based principles and has a focus on meeting the needs of Maori victims and offenders. The evaluation found that the programme was achieving most of its objectives in relation to victim satisfaction and criminal justice system professionals buy-in. However, no statistically significant reduction in reconviction rates was found for participating defendants.
Agency: Ministry of Justice
Author: Barb Lash
The Sale of Liquor Amendment Act 1999 introduced a number of major changes that came into effect on 1 December 1999 concerning the minimum age that people may legally purchase and drink alcohol. Firstly, the legal minimum purchase age was lowered from 20 years to 18 years with one exception. Secondly, some offences involving minors became infringement offences where the person may either be prosecuted through the court system, or an infringement notice may be issued. This report presents some statistics on the possible effects of the Sale of Liquor Amendment Act 1999, and focuses on the lowering of the purchase age.
Author: Helena Barwick, Alison Gray, Garth Baker and Tau Huirama
The Department for Courts, now the Ministry of Justice, agreed to pilot a new approach to the operation of the criminal list at the Wellington District Court. The pilot began on 9 February 2004. The aims of the alternative approach are to:
- improve defendants understanding of what is happening in the list court process
- reduce the amount of waiting time and visits to court for defendants and others by ensuring that matters are dealt with minimal delay and credible appointment times are given for subsequent appearances
- ensure that administrative matters are dealt with prior to the defendant appearing before a judge. Administrative matters include determining whether the defendant has had legal advice, is ready to plead, has a pre-sentence report where appropriate, has an interpreter if required and that any mental health issues have been addressed.
The evaluation found that the objectives of the new system were substantially achieved.
Author: Prostitution Law Review Committee
This report presents a research effort to assess the size of the sex industry in New Zealand. It does so acknowledging that any attempt to establish the size of the sex industry must be viewed with caution. It is an industry where much of its activity has been 'hidden' and the non-regulated and fluid nature of the industry means that any estimate will simply be an indication of actual numbers. In addition, limitations in the accuracy of data also mean that the findings in this report cannot be taken to be an accurate assessment of the size of the sex industry in New Zealand. However they are useful in providing an indication of the approximate numbers of those in the industry. This report is divided into two distinct sections. The first is a telephone survey of the NZ Police Districts and Areas. The survey involved canvassing specific police staff in a position to offer information and insight on the sex industry in their area. The second section of the report is based upon an audit undertaken by the New Zealand Prostitutes' Collective (NZPC) of the numbers of advertisements for commercial sexual services in Wellington and Auckland.
Agency: Crime and Justice Research Centre, Victoria University of Wellington
Author: Crime and Justice Research Centre, Victoria University of Wellington and Sue Triggs
The findings of this evaluation have shown that court-referred restorative justice conferences have the potential to increase victims' involvement in dealing with offending, though not all victims are willing or able to participate in such processes. Victims were mainly satisfied with conference agreements, and they had an improved understanding of why the offence occurred and its likelihood of recurrence. It has also shown that court-referred restorative justice conferences had the potential to increase offenders' involvement in dealing with their offending. Fewer conferenced offenders were sentenced to imprisonment. In addition, it seems that there was an impact on reoffending when compared with matched offenders dealt with solely in the criminal courts. Thus, there are many reasons to feel encouraged. Overall, the pilot indicates that for some victims court-referred restorative justice conferences can more than adequately respond to the human and emotional costs of offending.
Agency: Ministry of Justice
Author: Ministry of Justice
The New Zealand Crime and Safety Survey (NZCASS) is a face-to-face survey of almost 7000 randomly chosen people living in New Zealand who are aged 15 or over. The NZCASS has been carried out three times: 2014, 2009 and 2006.